4Q’15 Global Electronic Supply Chain Update
Here is an early update of 4Q’15 electronic supply chain performance:
- World electronic equipment shipment growth was negative in 4Q’15 versus 4Q’14 when consolidated on both fluctuating and fixed exchange rate bases. At fluctuating exchange it was down 5.2% and at fixed exchange it declined 0.4% (Chart 1).
- Chart 2 compares monthly global electronic equipment shipments consolidated at both fixed and fluctuating exchange.
- Shipments by major country calculated at fluctuating exchange are given in Chart 3. China’s domination and the sharp December downturn are obvious.
- Global printed circuit board sales dropped in December, closing 2015 down 0.6% for the year and are projected to decline 1% in 2016 (Chart 4).
- Custer Consulting Group’s PCB leading indicator points to continued contraction throughout early 2016 (Chart 5).
Source: Custer Consulting Group based on regional data
Eurostat released the November European economic and electronic supply chain data:
- Industrial production declined sequentially from October for the EU 27as well as Germany, France, Italy and UK (Chart 6).
- Electronic equipment production rose slightly (Chart 7). Both annualized (12/12) and 3-month (3/12) growth held slightly above +5% (Chart 8).
- Automotive (Chart 9) and aerospace (Chart 10) production declined but still remained near historically high levels
- Instrument and control (Chart 11) and electromedical (Chart 12) equipment production also declined from October.
- Loaded electronic board production (Chart 13) dropped but components and board (Chart 14) and wiring device (Chart 15) production rose from October.
- The European PMI leading indicator points to resumed PCB (wiring device) growth in 2Q’16 (Chart 16).
Chart 17 summarizes growth by sector for September to November 2015 versus September to November 2014.
December monthly sales were just released for Taiwan Stock Exchange listed companies, many of which manufacture in China:
- Electronic equipment (OEM) sales declined 12.5% in December 2015 vs. December 2014 1nd dropped 11.3% sequentially from November (Chart 18).
- ODM sales dropped 13% compared to December 2014 and also 13% sequential from November 2915 (Chart 19). Apple supplier Foxconn had a 21.8% sequential decline.
- ODM revenues in NT$ declined for the first quarter since 3Q’13 (Chart 20).
- Chart 21 lists the major Taiwan-listed OEM’s 2015 vs 2014 sales converted t U.S. dollars at a 2015 average exchange rate of 31.75 NT$/US$.
- Wafer foundry revenues dropped sharply in December suggesting that global semiconductor shipments may soon follow (Chart 22).
- Package and test sales also declined (Chart 23) but memory revenues held steady (Chart 24).
- Passive component sales also declined (Chart 25).
- Solar/photovoltaic revenues continued their strong growth (Chart 26).
- Printed circuit board sales were sequentially flat and down 0.7% in 2015 versus 2014 (Chart 27).
- CCL (rigid laminate) revenues continue to mirror rigid PCB sales although they rose slightly in December when PCBs declined (Chart 28).
- The Asia Pacific Custer Consulting Group leading indicator points to 1Q’16 PC declines at a slower rate (Chart 29).
Source: Company financials
Worldwide Semiconductor Capital Spending to Decline 4.7% in 2016 (Chart 30)
Worldwide semiconductor capital spending is projected to decline 4.7% in 2016, to $59.4 billion, according to Gartner, Inc. This is down from the 3.3% growth predicted in Gartner's previous quarter's forecast.
"The 2016 outlook for the semiconductor manufacturing equipment market reflects a bleaker outlook for end-user electronics demand and the world economic environment," said David Christensen, senior research analyst at Gartner. "Capital investment policies of leading semiconductor vendors have remained cautious against the background of sluggish electronics demand. However, the long-term outlook shows a return to growth, although the wafer-level manufacturing equipment market is expected to enter a gentle down cycle in 2016 due to the loss of the supply and demand balance in the DRAM market."
2016 spending on wafer-level manufacturing equipment is forecast to decline 2.4%. Within the forecast, different segments are expected to fare differently in response to varying end-market conditions. For example, the lithography segment will grow 1.4%, while the etch, clean and planarization equipment markets in 2016 are expected to decline by 2.9%. The deposition equipment segment will improve slightly in 2016 with negative 3.2% growth. Beyond 2016, the market turns positive, with relatively strong growth forecast through 2018.
Worldwide PC Shipments Declined 8.3% in Fourth Quarter of 2015 (Charts 31-35)
Holiday Sales Provided Little Cheer to PC Vendors in 2015
Worldwide PC shipments totaled 75.7 million units in the fourth quarter of 2015, an 8.3% decline from the fourth quarter of 2014, according to preliminary results by Gartner, Inc. For the year, 2015 PC shipments totaled 288.7 million units, an 8% decline from 2014.
“The fourth quarter of 2015 marked the fifth consecutive quarter of worldwide PC shipment decline,” said Mikako Kitagawa, principal analyst at Gartner. “Holiday sales did not boost the overall PC shipments, hinting at changes to consumers’ PC purchase behavior. On the business side, Windows 10 generally received positive reviews, but as expected, Windows 10 migration was minor in the fourth quarter as many organizations were just starting their testing period.”
“All regions registered a decrease in shipments. Currency devaluation issues continued to impact EMEA, Latin America and Japan,” Kitagawa said. “Collectively EMEA, Japan and Latin America saw their markets reduced by nearly 10% in 2015.”
Gartner’s outlook for PC shipments in 2016 is for a decline of 1% compared with 2015, with the potential for a soft recovery in late 2016. Kitagawa said the PC market is still in the middle of structural change which will reduce the PC installed base in the next few years.
In the fourth quarter of 2015, Lenovo registered a worldwide PC shipment decline for the third consecutive quarter. However, Lenovo declined less than the industry average, and it extended its lead in the market. Lenovo accounted for 20.3% of worldwide PC shipments in the fourth quarter of 2015. Lenovo did particularly well in North America to offset shipment declines in EMEA, Latin America and Japan.
HP’s fourth quarter PC shipments declined in the worldwide market and across all regions. The decline in the regions were mostly the same or better than the regional average except for the U.S. market. The steep decline in the U.S. market was in part because of unusually high shipment volume in the fourth quarter of 2014, led by low-priced Bing notebooks targeting holiday sales.
Dell’s PC shipments declined across all regions except Japan where the company grew by single digits compared to the fourth quarter of 2014. Although Dell’s shipments declined in EMEA and the U.S., Dell declined less than the regional averages.
In the U.S., PC shipments totaled 16.9 million units in the fourth quarter of 2015, a 3.1% decline from the fourth quarter of 2014. Despite an 8.4% decline in shipments, HP maintained the number one position in the U.S., accounting for 27.1% of PC shipments in the fourth quarter of 2015. Dell continued to be the number two vendor in the U.S., as its shipments declined less than the industry average.
“Holiday sales had a limited impact on PC sales in the U.S. market,” Kitagawa said.
“Notebooks were off the top wish list of holiday gifts. Unlike 2014 holiday sales, there were not many holiday mega deals for laptops, especially in value segments. At the same time, consumers’ interest shifted to other consumer electronics devices such as TV’s and wearables. “
PC shipments in EMEA totaled 22.5 million units in the fourth quarter of 2015, a decline of 16% year-over-year. In Western Europe, some countries, such as the UK, showed solid Windows 10 promotions during the holiday season, and shipments in the French market remained good. Overall high inventory levels plagued Western Europe. In Eastern Europe, the PC market experienced modest growth in low-single digits, driven by consumer demand for new hybrid devices and PC replacements to move to Windows 10.
The Asia/Pacific PC market reached 26 million units in the fourth quarter of 2015, a 1.5% decline from the fourth quarter of 2014. Buyers did not rush to replace with newer PC models with Windows 10. PC vendors looked for profitability over shipment volume, focusing on segments such as gaming PCs; bundling of desktops with large monitor screens and ultramobile device models. Preliminary results indicate that the China PC market declined 4.7% in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared with a year ago.
For the year, worldwide PC shipments declined for the fourth consecutive year, which started in 2012 with the launch of tablets. “In 2015, local currency devaluation also played a key role in the market conditions,” Ms. Kitagawa said. “EMEA, Latin America and Japan faced a major impact from the devaluation, showing double-digit declines in 2015. In contrast, the U.S. and Asia/Pacific experienced minor declines of almost flat to low single-digit declines as the currency issue did not affect these regions.”
The top six vendors accounted for more of the overall PC market in 2015. These vendors accounted for 73.1% of shipments in 2015, up from 70.4% of shipments in 2014. Lenovo maintained the number one position, accounting for 19.8% of PC shipments, followed by HP with 18.2% market share. Dell rounded out the top three vendors, accounting for 13.6% of shipments.
Notes: Data includes desk-based PCs, notebook PCs, and ultramobile premium. All data is estimated based on a preliminary study. Final estimates will be subject to change. The statistics are based on shipments selling into channels.